Manuscript Submission Overview

Use of word processing software:

It is essential to prepare the file using a new version of Microsoft Word and save it in (.docx). The text should be in a single-column structure. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Authors are strongly advised to use word processors' "spell-check" and "grammar-check" functions to avoid unnecessary errors.


All manuscripts must include Abstracts in English and Arabic (with identical information) of 150 to 250 words. Abstracts should be containing the subheadings: objectives, methods, results, and conclusions of the study.

*Tips for writing an abstract in English:                        

  • Objectives: You let the readers know why you chose to study this research topic or problem. State exactly the main objective of this research. You need to explain ‘why’ you undertook this study.
  • Methods: This is ‘how’ you did this research. Let readers know exactly what you did to reach your results. For example, did you undertake interviews? Did you collect data using a questionnaire? What tools, methods, or datasets did you use?
  • Results: You need to summarize the major findings of this research. You need to explain ‘what’ you found during your study. You need to be very clear and direct. It is important not to exaggerate or create an expectation that your paper will not fulfill.
  • Conclusions: Conclusions are based on the results of this research. The conclusion should summarize the key supporting ideas you discussed throughout the work and offer your final impression of the central idea. You need to mention the research recommendations.             


Immediately after the abstract, provide a list of keywords (minimum 3, maximum7), avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.


Manuscripts should not exceed 7000 words in length. Longer manuscripts should only be submitted in conjunction with Editor Approval, sought in advance. Word count is not applicable for revised versions and resubmissions.


  • Manuscripts should be written using Simplified Arabic font type for Arabic articles or Times New Roman for other languages. Formatting paragraphs as explained in the Template. Use parenthesis for citing articles, for example, after the sentence cited. Specialized programs should not be used to insert Quran phrases.
  • Subdivision - numbered sections: Divide the article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its separate line.
  • Tables (The title should be written above the table).
  • Figures (The title should be written underneath the table).


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Results should be clear and concise.


Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Discussion should explore the significance of the work results, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.


The study's main conclusions should be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Grant support details:

The funding sources should be clearly acknowledged.


This journal does not publish footnotes; therefore, none should be used. Try to include the extra information in the main text and avoid the footnotes.

Reference style:

  • Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). The reference should be arranged alphabetically and then sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c,' etc., placed after the year of publication.
  • The APA in text reference is in the format (author, date). When directly quoting from a text you must include a page number in the citation as given in the examples below. Including page numbers in all other circumstances is not required however, it is best practice to do so when referring to part of a work (e.g. a paragraph or chapter in a book). When referring to an entire work that covers a single topic (e.g. a journal article) it is not required.

Reference List

Your reference list should be ordered alphabetically by author and then chronologically by year of publication.

  • Reference to a journal publication: Hettige, S., Dasanayaka, E., & Ediriweera, D. S. (2022). Student usage of open educational resources and social media at a Sri Lanka medical school. BMC Medical Education, 22, 1-11.
  • Reference to a book: Glickman, C. D., Gordon, S. P., & Ross-Gordon, J. M. (2018). Supervision and instructional leadership: A developmental approach. (10th. Ed.), Boston, Mass: Allyn and Bacon.
  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Norton, L. (2007). Using assessment to promote quality learning in higher education. In Learning, Teaching and Assessing in Higher Education: Developing Reflective Practice (pp. 92-101). Exeter: Learning Matters.
  • Reference to a website: University of Jordan. (2022). In Wikipedia. Retrieved from
  • Reference to a conference paper or poster presentation: Doorley, J. D. & Kashdan, T. B. (2020). Comparing the daily regulatory benefits of savoring and cognitive reappraisal among Division I athletes. Submitted to the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies 54th Annual Convention, 2020- November, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Thesis: Finneran, R. (2020). The Selective Fossilization Hypothesis: A longitudinal study of English language learners' persistent errors. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York.


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