Adult Education Students' Perceptions towards Teaching and Learning Mathematics: A qualitative Study




Perceptions, adult education, learning, Saudi Arabia, qualitative study


Objectives: The study aims to investigate how adult education students in Saudi Arabia perceive mathematics education and learning.

Methods: The study adopted a qualitative approach and utilized various data collection tools, including interviews, observations, and open questionnaires. Intentionally, the sample was selected; a total of 18 students from the preparatory stage of adult education, specifically affiliated with the Haridha Education Office in Rijal Alma' Governorate, participated in the study.

Results: The study yielded several key findings. Firstly, the students perceive the significance of mathematics in addressing for solving daily problems, its connection to other sciences, and its benefits being limited to the four basic operations from their perspective. Additionally, they unanimously recognized the importance of mathematics as an academic discipline, and its role in developing thinking, creativity, and mental faculties. The results further indicated multiple challenges in teaching and learning mathematics, such as the diversity of ideas presented in the lesson, the length of study breaks, and some students' difficulty in grasping mathematical knowledge.

Conclusions: The study recommended that there is unanimous consensus among adult education students on the importance of mathematics as a science as well as a subject of study, highlighting its importance in addressing daily problems and promoting critical thinking. Additionally, there is recognition of the teacher's crucial role in fostering educational experiences and shaping their attitudes towards mathematics.


Download data is not yet available.


Adams, K. (2014). The Effect of Students Mathematical Beliefs on Knowledge Transfor. Unpublished Thesis, Brigham Young University.

Amirali, M. (2010). Students' conceptions of the nature of mathematics and attitudes towards mathematics learning. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 4 (1), 27-41.

‏Ampadu, E. (2012). Students' Perceptions of their Teachers' Teaching of Mathematics: The Case of Ghana. International online Journal of Educational sciences, 4(2), 351- 358.

Bramlett, D. C. (2007). A study of african-american college students' attitudes towards mathematics. The University of Southern Mississippi.

Brooks, C. (2015). Making Maths Useful: How Two Teachers Prepare Adult Learners to Apply Their Numeracy Skills in Their Lives Outside the Classroom. Adults Learning Mathematics: An International Journal, 10(1), 24-39.

Bursal, M., & Paznokas, L. (2006). Mathematics Anxiety and Preservice Elementary Teachers' Confidence to Teach Mathematics and Science. School Science and Mathematics, 106(4), 173-180.

Díez-Palomar, J. (2015). Editorial. Adults Learning Mathematics: An International Journal, 11(1), 4-6.

Engellbrecht, J., Harding, A., & Potgieter, M.(2005). Undergraduate students performance and Confidence in procedural and conceotual mathematics. International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 36 (7), 701-712.

‏ FitzSimons, G. (1994). Teaching mathematics to adults returning to study. Geelong: Deakin University.‏

FitzSimons, G. E. (2019). Adults learning mathematics: transcending boundaries and barriers in an uncertain world. Adults Learning Mathematics: An International Journal, 14(1), 41-52.

Furner, J.M. (2017). Teachers and Counselors: Building Math Confidence in Schools. European Jourrnal of STEM Education, 2(2), 1-10.

Hassi, M. L., Hannula, A., & Saló i Nevado, L. (2010). Basic Mathematical Skills and Empowerment: Challenges and Opportunities in Finnish Adult Education. Adults Learning Mathematics, 5(1), 6-22.‏

Hollinger, J., & Larwin, K. (2019). Numeracy and Adults’ Learning Readiness and Commitment: Results from a Large National Random Sample of Participants. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 31 (3), 437- 451.

‏ Iji, C. O., Abah, J. A., & Anyor, J. W. (2018). Educational cloud services and the mathematics confidence, affective engagement, and behavioral engagement of mathematics education students in public universities in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 30(1), 47-60.

Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Adult and Community Learning Services (DESE). (2022). Mathematics Proficiency Guide for Teachers of Adult Basic Education. SABES Math Curriculum and Instruction PD Center.

Merriam, S. (2009). Qualitative research: Aguide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

‏Mullis, I. V., Martin, M. O., Foy, P., Kelly, D. L., & Fishbein, B. (2020). TIMSS 2019 international results in mathematics and science. Retrieved from Boston College, TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center website: https://timssandpirls. bc. edu/timss2019/international-results.

Opdenakker, R. J. G. (2006). Advantages and disadvantages of four interview techniques in qualitative research. In Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung= Forum: Qualitative Social Research (Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. art-11). Institut fur Klinische Sychologie and Gemeindesychologie.

Parsons, S., Croft, T., & Harrison, M. (2009). Does students’ confidence in their ability in mathematics matter?. Teaching Mathematics and its Applications: An International Journal of the IMA, 28(2), 1-20.

Schmidt-Hertha, B., & Bernhardt, M. (2022). Pedagogical Relationships in Digitised Adult Education. Andragoška spoznanja, 28(1), 11-24

‏Šuran, A., & Zovko, A. (2022). Mišljenja studenata o obrazovanju odraslih u Hrvatskoj. Društvene i humanističke studije, 18(1), 463-486.

Wedege, T. (2010). The problem field of adults learning mathematics. In International Conference of Adults Learning Mathematics (ALM), London, UK (2009) (pp. 13-24). Adults Learning Mathematics (ALM) and LLU+, London South Bank University.

Yara, P. (2010). Students' Self-Concept and Mathematics Achievement in some secondary schools in Southwes tern Nigeria. European Journal of Social Sciences, 13(1), 127-132.




How to Cite

Bakmani , M. ., & Khalil, I. . (2023). Adult Education Students’ Perceptions towards Teaching and Learning Mathematics: A qualitative Study. Dirasat: Educational Sciences, 50(3), 501–513.



Received 2023-01-15
Accepted 2023-03-30
Published 2023-10-23