Predictive Ability of Cognitive Distortions and Death Anxiety in Quality of Life among a Sample of Elderly in Palestine




Cognitive distortions, death anxiety, quality of life, elderly


Objectives: The study aims to identify the predictive ability of cognitive distortions and death anxiety in the quality of life among a sample of the elderly in Palestine.

Methods: The study used the descriptive correlational approach, by applying the cognitive distortion scale, the death anxiety scale, and the quality of life scale, on an accessible sample that included 108 elderly people in Palestine, and the data were analyzed using the (SPSS, 28), through averages, Pearson's correlation, the stepwise multiple regression coefficient test using the input method (Stepwise). To determine the level of each variable, the averages were transformed into three levels: high (3.68-5), moderate (2.34-67.3), low (2.33 or less).

Results: The results showed that the level of cognitive distortions, death anxiety, and quality of life among the elderly were at a moderate level, their averages were (2.79), (2.91), (3.55) respectively. The results showed that there is a statistically significant effect of cognitive distortions and death anxiety in predicting the quality of life explaining together (41.9%) of the percentage of variance in quality of life; i.e: the two variables have an important and fundamental role in predicting the quality of life. The results indicated that there were no statistically significant differences in cognitive distortions, death anxiety, or quality of life related to the gender of the elderly.

Conclusions: The results showed the importance of taking into account the cognitive distortions and death anxiety in building counseling programs to improve quality of life among the elderly.


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How to Cite

Shaheen, M. A. ., & Alkurdi, D. K. . (2023). Predictive Ability of Cognitive Distortions and Death Anxiety in Quality of Life among a Sample of Elderly in Palestine. Dirasat: Educational Sciences, 50(3), 150–165.



Received 2022-10-14
Accepted 2022-12-18
Published 2023-10-22